You’ve probably heard of the Wellcome Trust: they’re a UK-based
nonprofit that funds scientific research, primarily into health.
They’ve long had an open-access policy, meaning that “all original
research articles and scholarly monographs resulting from our funding
are made freely available”. Contrast this with what more commonly
happens with scientific research, where the journal publishers get
exclusive copyright over the papers, and charge an arm and a leg to
everyone wanting a copy.
Now the Wellcome Trust is going even further, and requiring open access
in a timely manner to the raw research data (within reasonable limits,
such as privacy concerns etc), material such as cell lines, antibodies
and reagents, and also any software developed.
No actual mention of “open source” or “Free software” licences as such,
though; the news article only uses the word “freeware”, which I’m not
sure is the word they should be using.