There's a good expression used in an American judicial decision: the
judge said he wouldn't "let the sideshow take over the whole circus". I
think that's what I've done.
I use Fedora. I want to shrink my / partition (/dev/hdb2) in order to
create an extra partition on which to install a later version of Fedora.
(I'm not prepared to erase my existing version until I've satisfied
myself that all is well with the new one.)
A book I've often used to help me said that one should use QTParted to
shrink the partition.
I booted up with a Knoppix live cd and tried to use the provided
QTParted, but it wouldn't let me resize the partition.
I went Googling and found that I couldn't use QTParted to resize a
partition with an ext3 file system on it. I first had to change the file
system to ext2, then resize, then change back to ext3 (if I wanted).
I found on the Web a Red Hat (v 9) page called "Reverting to an ext2
Its instructions, in summary, were, with /dev/hdb2 unmounted:
#/sbin/tune2fs -O ^has_journal /dev/hdb2
#/sbin/e2fsck -y /dev/hdb2
# <mount /dev/hdb2>
" Next, remove the .journal file at the root level of the partition by
changing to the directory where it is mounted and typing: rm -f .journal".
"If you permanently change the partition to ext2, remember to update the
In Knoppix, I followed the first two instructions and then ran QTParted.
It showed /dev/hdb2 as having an ext2 file system. I also edited the
/etc/fstab file on /dev/hdb2 to change the file system shown for
/dev/hdb2 to ext2. I didn't remove the .journal file, simply because I
couldn't find one, but I thought that maybe it had been automatically
erased when I changed the file system to ext2.
I then booted up in Fedora and got during booting up:
"mounting root filesystem
ext3: no journal on filesystem on hdb2
mount: error 22 mounting ext3
mount: error 2 mounting none
switching to new root
switchroot: mount failed: 22
umount /initrd/dev failed 2"
(There was more, but that's all I copied down.)
Can anyone tell me what more I should be doing than's on the Red Hat page?
Thanks for reading,